The predictable torrential rains and even dissemination of rainfall in Indonesia make it workable for similar sorts of crops to be grown all through the nation. However, less than one-fifth of the aggregate land surface is earmarked forcrop cultivation. Most agrarian land is committed to rice or to different cash crops. Rigorous cultivation is confined to Bali, Java, Lombok, and certain parts of Celebes and Sumatra.
In Java, a significant part of the northern coastal and central fields is planted with rice. In the drier segment of eastern Java, crops like cassava, corn (maize), sweet potatoes, soybeans, and peanuts (groundnuts) dominate the little farms, even though such cash crops like coffee and tobacco are also developed on plantations.
Development in the outer islands and Sumatra is less serious and comprises principally of cash crops that are estate-raised. Sumatra represents a key segment of the aggregate area under estate production, and a majority of plantations are situated in the northeastern coastal region of the island.
Around Medan, there are widespreadplantationsproducingrubber, tobacco, tea, kapok, palm oil, coffee, and cloves, none of which is local to the region. Rice, cassava, and corn are developed around the oil fields close to Palembang in the southeast and in the Padang range in the west.
Since the late twentieth century there has been a move from rice toward less-strenuous subsistence produces, for example, cassava. However, rice has remained the foundation of small-scale farming, and increased production has been a critical point of each economic development plan. The administration intercedes in the marketing of rice to keep up production at a level that is economically viable.
Different “mass guidance”) systems to widen the accessibility of credit and to advance the utilization of fertilizers and high-yielding varieties have expanded rice yields. Despite the fact that the nation is self-reliant in rice production, there has been a tenacious inclination since the latter part ofthe 1990s to import extra rice.
Private ventures have teamed up with the administration in building up Indonesia’s sugar and palm oilindustries, and in addition its fisheries. Extensive agribusiness is turning into a more critical part of the nation’s economy, with expanding government investment.
Export of cultivated shrimp from largefarms in southern Sumatra and western Java has been a blessing to middle-sized businesses. Milkfish likewise are reared through aquaculture. Tuna, scad, and mackerel are the keyproducts of open-sea fishing.
Indonesia possesses some of the largest areas of exploitable tropical forest in the world, particularly in Kalimantan and Papua. There are a few little zones of deciduous woodland and plantations (generally teak), yet a large portion of the trees are evergreen tropical hardwoods. Plywood and veneer production has turned out to be vital for both local consumption and export.